Hertfordshire Brokets 1558-99 - The Broket Archive

Hertfordshire Brokets 1558-99

Brokets remained influential in Hertfordshire throughout this period. In 1558 Nicholas, younger brother of Sir John I, married Margaret HOO, heiress of Mackary End. With Sir John II succeeding the same year to the Wheathampstead manor, this gave the family a commanding position in the local community.1 Mackary End stayed in Nicholas’ family till 1628, but the Wheathampstead estates dwindled with Sir John II. As the half century progressed Sir John II steadily sold parts of the estate, appaently to finance his daughters’ dowries. This was the time to have a pedigree drawn up by the Somerset Herald Glover. By his death without a surviving son in 1598 the family seat of Brockett Hall passed with daughter Mary to the Reade family and what was left of John’s estate was divided between his other 5 daughters or their heirs.

These were Elizabethan times—she reigned 1558-1603. During the 16th C money fell in value by 5 or 6 times. By 1592 a Hertfordshire working man’s food and drink for a day cost 4d.2 In the 40 years 1563-1603 Hertfordshire’s population increased by about 59%. In 1563 Wheathampstead had 77 families, for instance, and in 1603 about 140.3

The following Brokets can be highlighted:

  1. Edward Gent of Bradfield, d 1583 (separate page)
  2. Thomas the elder Esq of Brockett Hall, d by 1560
  3. Robert of Wheathampstead, d 1562
  4. William II Yeoman of Hichyn, d 1563 (separate page)
  5. Elizabeth and Edmund, bap Harpenden 1564 and 65
  6. Johan of Offley, 1570 (separate page)
  7. Lucie daughter of Edward of Letchworth, d 1572
  8. John Brockett Gent of Bishops Stortford, d 1578
  9. Edward Gent of Sabridgworthe, 1584 (separate page)
  10. Nicholas Esq of Mackery End, Whethampsted, d 1585
  11. Elizabeth (Barley) of Sabridgworth, d 1592 (separate page)
  12. Edward I of Hitchin, d 1593-8 (separate page)
  13. Sir John II of Brockett Hall, d 1598 (separate page)
  14. Edward Esq of Wheathampstead Place, d 1599
  15. William Gent of Essendon, c 1531-1610 (separate page (under construction))
  16. William III Yeoman of Hitchin, d 1623 (separate page)

Thomas Brockett ‘the elder’ Esq, b c 1536-40 d by 1560

Son of Sir John I of Brockett Hall. The earliest known record of Thomas is his mention in his father’s Will written 14 Aug 1557 along with his other living siblings, including Thomas the younger. Neither Thomas was recorded in the surviving transcript of the Wheathampstead Parish Registers or of Hatfield, but the order of mention in the Will suggests that Thomas the elder was the third living son after John (later Sir John II) and Edward (later of Wheathampstead Place Esq). The next mentioned son, Bensted, had been baptised 12 May 1548. Eldest brother John was born by 1532, so allowing a minimum of a couple of years between births and no sisters in between, Thomas would have been born c 1536-40. We know that Thomas was married between 14 Aug 1557 and 17 May 1558, so the earlier date would have made him either 17 or 21 at marriage and the later one 18 or 22. Seventeen was uncommon for a groom in those times.4 However his bride, Anne Lytton was only 14 or 15. The Inquisition taken on 18 April 1552 stated that Anne was aged 6 years and 10 months on 10 July 1550—the death of her father—dating her birth to May 1543.5 A handsome inheritance would have come with Anne, as came to brother John through his marriage to Anne’s sister Helen.

At the time of Sir John writing his Will Thomas had not yet married Anne, but a marriage contract had been entered into:6+Read more

It was a coincidence that a Thomas Brokett was recorded in Nottinghamshire 1536-7 and 1545. He was not this Thomas, son of Sir John.

Sir John died 24 Mar 1558 and on 17 May 1558 a long and elaborate licence was issued by the Crown court for “Thomas Brokett esquire and Anne his wife” to enter into Anne’s share of her father’s estate.8

“The licence is catalogued for the regnal year 1557-8, i.e. the 5th year of Mary, 6 July 1557 – 5 July 1558. So the date 17 May 1558 seems likely. However the licence to enter would not have been issued in that form unless they were already married. This must have been after the date of the Will: there will have been this marriage contract already in existence at the time of writing the Will, with a matching bond to ensure compliance. The document is long and strives to cover every possible option, such that you are left wondering what, if anything, actually happened. It seems that we are certain that Thomas and Anne were granted a royal licence to enter into her inheritance, some or all of which was held in capite from the Crown. Whether her father’s estate was entailed, whether they had actually entered into the premises without royal licence, whether they had been receiving the revenues since she came of age or not, these are all possibilities covered by the format, but we are left unsure if they had actually happened. The purpose is not to tell us what had happened, however, but to give the estate cast iron security against any claim that it was invalid because of any such possibility.”9

Thomas must have died soon after this. There were no children from the marriage and, according to the History of Parliament, by c 1561 Anne Lytton (not Brockett) was married to John BORLACE of Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, and bore him 1 son and 6 daus. John was b c 1527; MP for Buckinghamshire 1586; Sheriff of Bucks and Beds 1567-8, Bucks 1588-9; d 1593.10 Their son was baptised 26 Jan 1566.11 He went on to become Sir William Borlase, Sherriff of Buckinghamshire 1601, and MP for Aylesbury 1604 and Buckinghamshire1614, and died 1629.12

If the History of Parliament‘s dates are correct, Anne was about 18 and John Borlace about 34 when they married.

Both Thomas (the elder) and his eldest brother John were married to daughters of Sir Robert Lytton (d 1551 or 5). The Visitation of Hertfordshire  called him Sir Robert Lytton of Shrubland and included Anne in the list of his daughters, but did not mention her first husband Thomas Brokett:13

1. Elizabeth m Edward Barrett of Aveleigh, Essex
2. Anne m John Burlacey of Marlow, Oxfordshire.
3. Helen m 1 Gabriel Fowler; 2 Sir John Brocket [This is a mistake—rather it was Sir John Brocket who married 1 Helen Lytton and 2 Elizabeth, widow of Sir Gabriel Fowler].
4. An unnamed daughter.

Who the 4th daughter here, or Mary in Burke’s list next was, is not known. The licence for Thomas and Anne states that there were three heiresses.

Burke omitted Anne from his list of Sir Robert Lytton’s daughters and their husbands:14

1. Helen m 1 Sir Gabriel Fowler; 2 Sir John Brocket [The same mistake as above].
2. Elizabeth m 1 Thomas Little; 2 Edward Barrett
3. Mary m 1 Thomas Harleston Esq; 2 Edward Pulter Esq.

Robert Brockett of Wheathampstead, d 1562

It is not known who this propertyless relative of Edward was:15

On 20 Feb a commission was issued to Edward Brockett, relative of Robert Brockett of Whetehamsted deceased, having [authority] to administer the goods, rights and credits of the same. [Edward] was sworn to [administer] well [the rights and credits of the same].
margin: Lincoln [diocese] Ascension Day. No goods came into the hands of the administrator. 2 shillings

The likelihood is that Robert was a younger son of Sir John I (d 1558), and that the Edward here was his older brother, see below. Less likely is that Edward was the son of Edward of Letchworth, see the separate page.

Elizabeth and Edmund baptised Harpenden 1564 and 65

As of 20 Jun 2019 the transcriptions of these two Harpenden Parish Register entries were problematic for two reasons. First, the FamilySearch online database transcribed the surnames as Brichett and Birchett, and the FindMyPast online database has followed suit. But usefully, FindMyPast reproduced images of the frames from the microfilm of the whole Parish Register for 1562-1677 and the following snip shows the entry for Elizabeth in 1564 in the middle, 4 lines up from the bottom. It is clear that the transcription ‘Brichett’ here is an error for Brockett:16+Read more

Elizabeth Brockett bap Harpenden 1564

Further down the same page was the entry for 1 Oct 1565 for Edmund Brockett, in which the ‘o’ is clearer—nonetheless transcribed carelessly by FamilySearch and FindMyPast as Birchett.17

The second problem was that FindMyPast recorded these two entries—and all those around them—as burials when they were actually baptisms. But a thorough investigation of the register reveals that the two entries were in fact of baptisms. FindMyPast’s microfilm of the Harpenden Parish Registers has 72 frames, and the title page on frame #1 says the baptisms, marriages and burials date from 1562-1677. An older note by a clerk on frame #3 listed the contents of the Register in the order:

Baptisms Mar 1563 to May 1677
Marriages May 1562 to Jan 1677
Burials Oct 1562 to Oct 1596, Mar 1603 to May 1667 and Oct 1672 to May 1677

Following a few frames (#4-7) of information about registration, the next 3 frames of the microfilm (#8-10) contain the last batch of burial entries in the clerk’s list just mentioned (Oct 1672 to May 1677), which may have been added at the beginning of the book having used up the end. Be that as it may, the two earlier batches of burial entries in the clerk’s list (Oct 1562 to May 1667) are in frames #55-71, #72 being an end frame. Frame 55 is entitled ‘Sepultura Mortuorum’ and the first entry is a burial from Oct 1562 and the entries then run consecutively through to the final frame (#71) which is entitled ‘Burialls’ and contains burials 1662-7. The microfilm’s marriage entries are entirely consecutive in frames #43-54. Frame #43 begins with a marriage from May 1562 and frame #54 ends with a marriage in Jan 1677. As for the baptisms, the first of the microfilm’s frames with a visible title ‘Baptisma’ on the verso, and ‘Infantum’ recto, is #14 for Jan 1578 and the entries then run consecutively through to frame #43 which ends with a baptism in May 1677. Thus what is so far missing from the clerk’s list are baptism entries from 31 Mar 1562 to Jan 1578 of frame #14, and these are indeed the start and end dates of the entries on frames #11-13. Although only a few entries between 1562-84 recorded the names of the parents, these entries in frames #11-13 are baptisms not burials. The top of the page of frame #11 is torn at the corner leaving only a ‘B’ for the title. It doubtless continued ‘Baptisma’. The entries for Elizabeth and Edmund Brockett in 1564 and 65 are on frame #11.

Having solved the problems of transcription, who were Elizabeth and Edmund? Edmund is the less common name, and in fact the only Edmund Brokett found recorded in the 16th C was the second or third son of William of Essendon, Gent, see the separate page. It had already been estimated from other records that Edmund was b c 1565, but no record of his baptism had been found. His father William is known to have married Ann, eldest daughter of Edmund BARDOLPHE of Harpenden/Rothamsted. This Harpenden baptismal register began in Mar 1563, so if William and Ann had had earlier children baptised there they wouldn’t have been recorded. After Edmund no other Broket baptisms were recorded in Harpenden until 1606 and 1609—sons of John, another son of William and Ann—and none thereafter.

The whole Harpenden Register has been carefully searched and the following 4 entries are of interest:

1590 10 Aug: “Edmund Bardolf Esquier and Margaret Brokett gent vid late wife of Nicholas Brokett Esquier” [were married].18
1606: “Edward the sonne of John Brokett gent’ was baptised the vijth day of Decemb'”.19 Edward was the son of John of Codicote, who was the second son of William of Essendon, Gent, see the separate page.
1609: “Richard the sonne of John Brokett gent baptized the second day of July”.20 Richard was another son of John of Codicote, who was the second son of William of Essendon, Gent.
1610 18 May: Margery Brickatt [was buried].21

Regarding Elizabeth, since she was born before 1569, it’s only likely that she was the bride of James KEYNE in Shillington in 1610 if she married as a 41-49 year-old Spinster. But this wasn’t the case, see below and the separate page. She died between 1598 and 1609.

Lucie Broket, daughter of Edward of Letchworth, d 1571-2

Probably born between c 1519 and 1521, Lucie was in her early 50s at death. It has been inferred, rightly or wrongly, that she was not the eldest daughter since her Will begins “I lucie broket one of the daughters of Edward Broket …”. If the eldest she might have said so. The 2nd eldest son, her brother William, did not die until 1610, so may have been younger than her.

Her Will was written 5 Oct 11 Eliz [1569], with Memorandum 17 Dec 12 Eliz [1570], and was proved 15 months later at Hitchin 17 Apr 1572. Her Will shows that she had no surviving children of her own, but provides insight into her character and information about her siblings and their children:

1. In the name of god amen I lucie broket one of
2. the daughters of Edward Broket late of
3. lechworthe in the countie of hartford esquire+Read more

Genealogical information from Lucie’s Will:

Lucie Broket's Will 1570

Points from Lucie’s Will:

  1. The title in the margin of the court copy to her Will reads: “T[estamentum] Lucie Brocket nuper de Groffeh’m vidue defuncte”, i.e. “the Testament of Lucie Brocket, formerly of Graffham, widow, deceased“. If ‘widow’ wasn’t an error by the copyist, it isn’t known who Lucie’s husband was, and she had either reverted to her maiden name when her husband died, or else, like some of the wealthier women of the time, never adopted his surname. Graffham—now in Cambridgeshire, but then in Huntingdonshire—is c 8 m W of Huntingdon and c 4 m E of Stow Longa, where brother John lived, perhaps at this time. Lucie lodged with him for some time (lines 82-3).
  2. She says she had little worldly wealth (line 25), but mentioned a loan of £200 and bequests totalling £80; quite large sums at the time.
  3. Lucie appointed “my lovinge brother William brocket my executor“. William was a Juror and became Clerk of the Peace for the County from 1570. His 4 younger sons at least were all under 21 in Dec 1570 and therefore born after Dec 1549. In his Will in 1609 William mentioned the same 4 sons, see the separate page.
  4. As of June 2017, the old ‘newey’ spelling of ‘nephew’ wasn’t listed in the OED.
  5. Newey Edward Brocket (lines 38-40) was a mystery until June 2021. Read more
    Edward’s legacy may have been less than his brothers’ on the assumption that eldest sons would customarily be adequately provided for. His £5 was to buy a gelding “so that he applie his booke”. How giving him a gelding would have helped him focus on his studies is curious to wonder. A young child can ride a horse, but the term ‘apply his book’ tended to be used of a youth studying away from home at university or an Inn of Court: Read more
    However, although admission age to an Inn in the 16-17th C was “usually between 16-20 … there were no minimum age requirements … and there were examples of much younger admissions, even infants”.29 Little can therefore be deduced about Edward’s age from Lucie’a Will. His parents didn’t marry before Oct 1555, so by Oct 1569 he wouldn’t have been much older than 13, i.e. born 1556 at the earliest. Moreover, the indications are that he died not long after this or a least never had a family or owned land. No relevant Edward Broket is recorded at Oxford and Cambridge or at an Inn of Court.
  6. Niece Elizabeth (line 44) was not mentioned in her father William’s Will of 1609, however Lucie’s Will and the evidence above confirm she was his daughter and had died between 1598 and 1609. It’s possible to infer from Lucie’s Will that she was William’s eldest daughter—neither of his other daughters Margaret or Anne were mentioned.
  7. Brothers Thomas and John. It isn’t known if Thomas might have been in prison in 1569, see the separate page. If his brother John didn’t discharge his debt to Lucie’s estate she willed that Thomas receive John’s £20 on 29 Sep 1570. The Memorandum shows that this happened. At the time of his Will in 1607 John was of Impington in Cambridgeshire, late of Stowe [Longa] Huntingdonshire, see the separate page. Lucie had stayed with John, perhaps when he lived at Stow Longa, 4 miles from Graffham. In her Will she asked him to see her decently and honestly buried if she died in his house, and not to ask for expenses from her executor (lines 60-95). In or before 1561 John was also associated with Letchworth,30 and Lucie may have stayed with him there. She said that by a bond dated 4 Oct 1569—the day before writing her Will—that he owed her £200, and required him to repay £100 of it before receiving a legacy of £20 from her (lines 61-69), or else it would go to brother Thomas. Something happened between Lucie and John between that writing of her Will on 5 Oct 1569 and the Memorandum of 17 Dec 1570 that made her cancel his legacy of £20 (lines 108-117). Presumably he didn’t settle his debt to her.
  8. Understandably Lucie didn’t mention her brother Edward, who lived until 1584. He had caused a family rift, become embroiled in major financial problems, resulting in outlawry and then prison in the late 1560s, see the separate page.
  9. The mother of nephew William Hamillden (lines 45-6) was Lucie’s sister Grace, also not mentioned in father Edward of Letchworth’s Will in 1558. In her deposition of 12 Nov 1587 in the case brought against Richard Bardolfe by Lucie’s brother William Brokett—see the separate page—“Grace Barker wife of John Barker of Everton the county of Northampton gentleman, aged about 58 years [i.e. b c 1530] mentioned that “she had been an earnest sutor unto [her father Edward brockett of Letchhworth] in his lifetime to have him assign over unto her husband Hamelden” the remaining lease she had of some land in Bedfordshire.31 Unlike the other nephews, William Hamillden was not mentioned as being under 21 in 1569, so he could have been born before 1548.
  10. Sister Millicent (line 50) was not mentioned in father Edward of Letchworth’s Will in 1558, so if she was Lucie’s actual sister rather than her sister-in-law, she was presumably married by 1558. The 2 daughters Edward did mention were unmarried—Lucie and Anne—and perhaps for that reason since their mention was specifically regarding bequests towards their marriages. Was Millicent formerly married to John Stanes of Stowe Longa Huntingdonshire Gent, also called John Stanes of London Gent? In 1559 Lucie’s eldest brother Edward sued Milicent Stanes, late of Stowe Longa Huntingdonshire widow, administratrix of the estate of John Stanes for £200 that he alleged she owed her father, see the separate page. No further records have been found of Millicent or her family.

Probate of Lucie’s Will:


Translation:32+ Read more

John Brockett Gent of Bishops Stortford Co Hert (London) 1578

Administration of the estate of a John Brockett of Bishops Stortford, Co Hert (Lond) Gent was given to his widow Margery Brockett 3 Nov 1578.34 It is not clear who this couple was.

Nicholas Brockett of Mackery End Esq, d 1585

Son of John and Dorothy of Swaffham Bulbeck. Probably born c 1515-17. No record has so far been found for Nicholas’ date of birth other than the records pointing to probable birth dates of elder brother John of 1511-14 and younger brother Edward of c 1518, see the separate page. Nicholas married Margaret HOO, heiress of John and Joan HEYWORTH of Mackary End.35 “John Heyworth settled his lands, in 1558, shortly before his death, upon Margaret Hoo his adopted daughter, widow of Jerome Reynolds, and the then wife of Nicholas Brockett.”36 This was how Mackary End came to the Brokets.

Nicholas and Margaret had therefore married by 1558. In his Will of 10 Nov 1558 John Heyworthe, Gentleman of Whethampsted, Hertfordshire—after many bequests to the poor, his servants, widows and other individuals—left the residue of his estate to “to Nycholas Brokett Esquyer and margarete hys wyef”, concluding “And furthermore I wylle giue and declare by thys my laste will and Testament alle my other mesuages maners Landes and Tenementes medowes Lesures woddes and pastures aswelle free as copye or costomary landes and Tenementes scytuate lyinge and beinge within the parishe of Whethampsted or els wheare in the countye of Hertford To the sayd margarett and to the heyres mayles of her bodye lawefullye forgotten [sic]”.37 Nicholas Brocket may therefore have held Mackary End in right of his wife, but since Nicholas predeceased her, she would have settled Mackary End on their only surviving child, John Brockett, later Sir John III, before she married for the third time, to Edmund Bardolf. Did she outlive him too? The monument in Wheathampstead Church said she had no children with her first husband, Jerome Reynolds.

This doesn’t tally with Howard & Fowler’s statement: “About this date [1558], it is supposed, Mackery End (house and manor) was purchased by Sir William Garrard, Kt., who had come into possession of Lamer in 1553.”38 They put a footnote here, but its evidence relates to the purchase of Lamer rather than Mackery End, so the “it is supposed” looks like their own supposition. According to the VCH it wasn’t till 1681 that Mackary End came to the Garrards.39

John Heyworthe appointed Nycholas, Margaret and Thomas Northe his Executors, and Hughe Pope overseer. Nevertheless, interestingly, John wanted to reclaim a property in Surrey for Margaret which he said Nicholas had appropriated for his own heirs: “Allso wheare nycholas Brokett gent owethe to me Twentye pounde of Lawfulle money as by an oblygacion thereof made planly apperethe, i doo clerelye remytte and forgyue yt to the sayd nycholas, vpon condycion that the sayd nycholas shalle ymedyately convey and make sure or cause to be made sure the Reuercion of my Landes at Hatcham Barne in the countye of Surrey to me and my Heyres which the sayd nycholas hathe nowe Turned to hym and to hys heyres.”40

1543: As shown by his arms in the window of the hall, by 1543 Nicholas was principal, i.e. head, of Staple Inn of Court in London.41

1544: On 20 Jan Nicholas Brokett, Gentleman, brought a Common Pleas action attempting to reclaim a debt of £20 from a Buckinghamshire yeoman, but he had not come to defend himself. The proceedings appear to have almost reached the stage of outlawry and the court ordered the deputy sheriff of London and the sheriff of Buckinghamshire to take the defendant and bring him to court on 21 May 1554:42+Read more

1551: An action at the Court of Common Pleas on 30 Oct shows that Nicholas was undersheriff of Buckinghamshire at this time:43+Read more

1578: In the Hilary term of this year at the court of Common Pleas in Westminster Nicholas Brokett Esquire concluded a final concord of purchase from Thomas Appowell and Margaret his wife of 3 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow with appurtenances in Harpenden and Whethampsted, before John Brokett Knight and Robert Spencer Esquire.46

1584: In the Hilary term of this year at the court of Common Pleas in Westminster Nicholas Brockett Esquire by his attorney sued Roger Stoughton of Wotton Beds yeoman for an alleged debt of 3 quarters and 5 measures of barley worth 100s.47

During the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603) it was said that Nicholas Brocket “doth inclose … most unjustlye a lane …. which hath Marshalles Woode on the Sowthwest Side and on the North Side a Comen felde”, an area within a mile of Mackerye End.48

Margaret and Nicholas’ known children were:

  1. John, bap Wheathampstead 14 Jan 1562,49 later SirJohn III.
  2. Johanna filia Nicholas Brocket”, buried 20 Apr 1566.50

Five years after Nicholas’ death, on 10 Aug 1590 “Margaret Brokett gent vid late wife of Nicholas Brokett Esquier” married Edmund Bardolf Esq of Rothamsted in Harpenden.51 Edmund was elder brother of Ann—married to William Brokett of Essendon (see the separate page)—and of Edward Bardolff of Blakesleys, witness to Nicholas’ Will written 17 Apr 1585, proved 28 Apr 1585:52+Read more

A memorial inscription on the wall of the north transept in Wheathampstead Church reads:53


Edward Brockett of Wheathampstead Place Esq, b c 1534-38, d 1599

Second son of Sir John I. Allowing a minimum of a couple of years between the births of his older brother John (b by 1532) and younger brother Thomas (b c 1536-40) and no sisters in between, Edward was probably born 1534-38.

Edward was educated at Gray’s Inn in London from 1562. His father had been at the Middle Temple.

1562: A brief record of an Edward Brockett being commissioned with the administration of a Robert Brockett of Wheathampstead, a propertyless relative, dates from 20 Feb of this year.54 It is not known for certain who Robert or Edward were, but the likelihood is that they were sons of Sir John I (d 1558), see above.

In 1566-8 William MARSHALL, parson of Marston [Moretaine], Bedfordshire sued “Edward Broket of Grays Inn esquire” for the return of a silver bowl pledged to the defendant.55

He acquired land in Steeple Claydon Buckinghamshire through his marriage to Etheldred Lady CHALLONER, d/o Fred SHAM of Elton, co Chester and widow of Sir Thomas Challoner. Edward married the widow of a knight. They had 3 surviving children:

  1. Ursula m Edward SALTER Esq, later Sir.
  2. John b c 1571
  3. Isabell m 1 … RAINSFORD, m 2 Sir Gerrard HORSEY. The IGI recorded the marriage of Isabell Brockette to Hierome HORSEY 28 Oct 1609 Offley. That same day she assigned the lease of the Manor of Wheathampstead with Harpenden to John Brokett of Mackery End Esq, for 99 years as Isabel Brokett.56

In 1569 Edward was recorded in the muster for Steeple Claydon Buckinghamshire:57

Edward Brockett Bucks muster 1569
Charged there by Inquesicion
Edward Brockett esquier
1 Light horse furnished
1 Corselet
1 Almaine Revett
1 bowe
1 sheff of Arrows
1 Harquebus
1 Moryan and 1 stele cappe

This was not an account of his armour as such but a requirement, or charge, to provide these items on account of the extent of his property. Descriptions of the items: +Read more

This image shows half armour (almain rivet), a harquebus and a morion:63

In 1582 for the London Subsidy Edward Brockett of St Martin Ludgate, London was assessed at 5s 4d for £40 in lands (apparently in Buckinghamshire).64

Here are 5 extracts from Edward’s original Will written 13 Aug 1598 in a fine Secretary Hand, but with many corrections and insertions:65+Read more

Overseer Thomas Docwra of Pirton, Herts, was either the son of John Docwra66 or his son. Around the time of the writing of this Will Thomas the father was settling Pirton on his son Thomas. Calling him ‘cosen’ did not necessarily mean a blood relationship, but there may have been one. Edward signed each page:67

Signature of Edward Brokett of Wheathampstead Place Esq

According to his IPM taken on 9 July 1601,68 Edward died 3 Oct 1599 and his son and next heir was John Brockett, aged at the time “23 years and more”.

Page Last Updated: June 25, 2021


For full bibliographical details please see the sections Publications or Glossary.


[1] Munby 1974 p 62.

[2] Munby 1974 pp 41-2.

[3] Munby 1974 p 54.

[4] Laslett 1983 p 81ff; Stone 1977 p 40ff.

[5] TNA C142/95/99

[6] Lines 56-64.

[7] Thanks to David Bethell for this explanation.

[8] TNA C 66/921. For the original Latin and a translation contact the Archivist of this website.

[9] Email communication from David Bethell Aug 2015.

[10] goo.gl/Hbmhx4 accessed 11 Sep 2017.

[11] goo.gl/1i3fmm accessed 11 Sep 2017, citing Little Marlow parish register.

[12] goo.gl/Jy8oFM accessed 11 Sep 2017; The history and antiquities of the county of Buckingham, by George Lipscomb, J. & W. Robins, 1847, i. 309-10, as cited in goo.gl/uLHSa6 fn 2 accessed 11 Sep 2017.

[13] Metcalfe 1886 p 151.

[14] 1838 vol 1 p 447.

[15] TNA PROB 6/1(Admons) 1561/2.

[16] Harpenden Parish Register, D/P 122A 1/1, image courtesy of Hertfordshire Archives & Local Studies, published by FindMyPast, accessed 19 Jun 2019.

[17] As of 20 Jun 2019.

[18] Frame 45/72 of FindMyPast's microfilm.

[19] Frame 18/72 of FindMyPast's microfilm.

[20] Frame 19/72 of FindMyPast's microfilm.

[21] Frame 61/72 of FindMyPast's microfilm.

[22] NSOED: imbecility: Weakness debility, feebleness ... (late Middle English).

[23] NSOED: hosted: received a guest (late Middle English).

[24] Michaelmas: 29 Sep 1570.

[25] NSOED meaning 6.

[26] 1662 Vol 1 p 208. Thanks to David Bethell for these references to Fuller.

[27] 1662 Vol 1 p 521.

[28] 1662 Vol 3 p152.

[29] Holborn 1999 p 41.

[30] Baker 2012 p 170.

[31] TNA C24/189.

[32] For the original Latin contact the Archivist of this website.

[33] This is where the total value of the estate, as indicated by the inventory, should have been (but was not) inserted.

[34] TNA Admons 1572-80 (indexed) vol II Exeter 1917, p 105 = f156.

[35] Pedigree: Munby 1974 p 61.

[36] British History online at goo.gl/YorNni accessed 29 Oct 2017, citing in fn. 47: Westm. D. and C. Ct. R. 8948, 8953; and Trans. St. Albans Arch. Soc. 1889, p. 24, (part 2, by H Fowler, available at goo.gl/mkjMDG (accessed 23 Mar 2018)).

[37] Proved PCC 25 Jan 1558/9, TNA PROB 11/42A/250.

[38] 1889, p 28. I owe this reference to Dianne Payne 23 Mar 2018.

[39] British History online at goo.gl/YorNni accessed 29 Oct 2017, citing in fn. 53 Feet of F. Herts. East. 33 Chas. II.

[40] TNA PROB 11/42A/250.

[41] Baker 2012 p 366.

[42] TNA CP40/1023 d689. For the original Latin contact the Archivist of this website.

[43] TNA CP 40/1148 m.108d (pt 1, d1226). For the original Latin contact the Archivist of this website.

[44] goo.gl/AppBwH (accessed 12 Sep 2018).

[45] goo.gl/VDqr5Y (accessed 12 Sep 2018).

[46] TNA CP 40/1352 f788 (AALT). Hilary 20 Eliz.

[47] TNA CP 40/1420 d533 (AALT). Hilary 26 Eliz.

[48] WAM 14030 D quoted in WEA p 45 (Munby 1974?) I owe this reference to Dianne Payne 23 Mar 2018.

[49] Parish Register, as recorded by Gough in the Bodleian Manuscript Gough Herts. 4, p 1 (fol. 138r).

[50] Parish Register, as recorded by Gough in the Bodleian Manuscript Gough Herts. 4, p 9 (fol. 139d recto).

[51] Harpenden Parish Register, HALS D/P 122A 1/1.

[52] PCC, PROB 11/68.

[53] Bob Speel has an image and interesting description at goo.gl/5qDy9W (accessed 23 Mar 2018).

[54] TNA PROB 6/1(Admons) 1561/2.

[55] TNA C 1/1451/10.

[56] HALS DE/Cm/37752.

[57] goo.gl/aHqQXT accessed 10 Sep 2017; reproduced by kind permission of the National Archives licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

[58] Craib 1914-20 p xxv.

[59] NSOED definition 1.

[60] NSOED under Almain.

[61] NSOED definition 3.

[62] NSOED definition 1.

[63] Acknowledgements from left to right: 1. Half Armour (Almain rivet) worn by heavy foot or light cavalry with morion or burgonet with detachable buffs from goo.gl/Ku5i2x accessed 10 Sep 2017. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 France license. 2. The Harquebus from Pearson Scott Foresman - Archives of Pearson Scott Foresman, donated to the Wikimedia Foundation. This file has been extracted from another file: PSF H-420010.png, Public Domain, goo.gl/iz41Zo. 3. Spanish morion in the Public domain goo.gl/h7uVNp accessed 10 Sep 2017.

[64] TNA E 179/251/16; Lang (1993) p 229; Baker (2012) p 366a l.3.

[65] HALS 2HW/50.

[66] Metcalfe 1886 Appendix II p 140.

[67] Reproduced with kind permission from HALS.

[68] TNA C 14/645/48.