Essex: The last of the Spains Hall Brockets
1. Preservation of the name
2. Improving one’s ancestors
In earlier centuries half of all male succession lines in England are said to have died out within 150 years. The Willingale Brockets are an example: despite 4 surviving sons in the first generation the patriline failed twice. Schemes for the continuance of a name when the patriline died out were usually a concern of the aristocracy, but here a minor-gentry family attempted to keep their name associated with their land.
The two traditional strategies were:
- entail, specifically tail-male
- transmitting property through women to men prepared to change their own family name.
His only son having died young, the third-generation William Brocket Esq (d 1791) stipulated in his Will that any future principal inheritor of the estates must take the name and arms of Brocket only, including any husband of a sister: Read more
I do hereby give and devise [my Estates] unto and to the use of my Grandson Stanes Brocket Chamberlayne upon Condition that my said Grandson Stanes Brocket Chamberlayne shall thereupon immediately take and afterwards during his life always use the surname of Brocket only without any Addition and also bear the Arms of Brocket as the same have been used by me and my Ancestors and also stile and describe himself by the Surname of Brocket only in all Deeds Writings and Instruments whatsoever…
And my Will is that every of my Grandsons and the Husband or Husbands with whom my Grand Daughters may Intermarry as the said Estates shall accrue to them in possession shall take and use the Surname Brocket only without any Addition and also bear my Arms of the Brocket Family and write and stile themselves by the same Surname in all Deeds and Writings3
Thus in 1834 the eldest son of William’s daughter, Stanes Brocket Chamberlayne Esq, then aged 52, changed his name by Royal Licence on the death of his father and became Stanes Brocket Brocket Esq, in order to inherit the lordship of Spains Hall. 35 years or so later, faced with similar circumstances to those of his grandfather and strongly echoing his Will, Stanes made similar requirements in his own Will: Read more
And I do hereby further declare that in case any of the said persons shall refuse or neglect to take use and bear such surname and arms then after the expiration of the said space of one year the use and estate shall absolutely cease determine and be void And immediately thereupon shall be and remain to the person who would be entitled thereto if the person refusing as aforesaid was then actually dead4
Thus nearly 40 years later, in compliance with her father’s Will in order to inherit the lordship of Spains Hall, Stanes’ younger daughter, the widow Mary Meryon changed her name back to Brocket by Royal Licence after the death of her spinster elder sister in 1896.
The men saw themselves—William perhaps more so than Stanes—as the last in line of an ancient Willingale family. But Mary did not feel such a strong allegiance to the name, nor indeed to Willingale. In her Will she made no reference to the inheritance of Spains requiring the name of Brocket. Great grandfather William Brocket was a distant figure—dead for over a hundred years. Mary, a Chamberlaynefor the first eight years of her life and a Meryon for 30 years, without a single living Brocket relative, asked in her Will: Read more
to be buried in the Cemetery at Rye aforesaid in the vault with my husband and child and thatmy name on my Coffin and the Gravestone be ‘Mary Widow of Charles Pix Meryon’.
These wishes were fulfilled in 1906 on a memorial on the south wall of St Andrews and All Saints in Willingale. It shows the very last trace of the Brockets of Willingale—the second forename of Mary’s only child, Stanes Brocket Meryon, died less than 3 months old.
Despite all the attempts at preservation the Brocket name and arms finally did come to an end in Willingale.
The College of Arms in London holds a pedigree drawn up in 1834 to support the use of the Brocket arms by Stanes Brocket Chamberlayne as he sought authorisation by Royal Licence to take the name and arms of Brocket only and so become Lord of Willingale Spain.5 The Pedigree makes extensive reference to Wills. Considerable research had been done in the probate registries in London. Being an Attorney at the Middle Temple in London, Stanes Brocket Chamberlayne would have been well placed to commission the best in the College of Arms to conduct this work. He may well also have had access to the admission records of the Middle Temple, and that of his ancestor John Brockett of Willingale, who was admitted 10 Jul 1672 as “2nd son of Charles Brockett, of London, gent. deceased.” This appears to have been John’s claim on admission to a better lineage than he had. In the first half of the 17th C there were two Charles Brocketts in London of a similar age, each with:
- sons Charles and John
- a brother William
- a Hertfordshire father called John:
London was a small world in those times and related London Brockett families would with little doubt have known each other. The future head of the Willingale clan, John of the Middle Temple was the 2nd son of Charles, Citizen and Fishmonger of London. He would have known Charles Gent and his family and probably his and their lineage.
No Will has been found, but from Fishmonger Company records we know that Charles:
- was apprenticed to his older brother John, Fishmonger and Citizen of London 1630-38.6
- gained his freedom in 1638, therefore was born c 1619—apprenticeship terms were commonly arranged so as to expire at 21.7
- became a Citizen of London
- paid quarterly Fishmonger Company membership fees every year from 1626 to 1658/60.8
- died before 1660, the year his widow Joane apprenticed their son Charles to herself.9 The 1860 Gateshead Pedigree’s “d 1678” must be incorrect.
Only eldest son Charles followed into the Fishmonger Company, and he gained his freedom in 1668, indicating birth c 1647.10 The 1860 Gateshead Pedigree’s source for Charles and Joane’s family is not known, but its dates for Charles’ children fit well with the Fishmonger records:
Charles: b 1646
John: b 1649
Matthias: b 1652
Thomas: b 1655. Bound to a Stationer 1670.
Charles’ younger son, John, was also singled out by his uncle William of Wheathampstead Gentleman, who wrote in his Will of 10 December 1675:
This Charles is only recorded therefore with the 2 children:.
John b after 1654 (under 21 in 1675). ?Married Annis and d 1700-1.
So was John of the Middle Temple, purchasor of Spains Hall, the son of Charles Citizen or of Charles Gentleman?
Middle Temple Church records show that John married 4 April 1672. At that time John son of Charles Citizen would have been about 23, while John son of Charles Gentleman would have been 18 maximum, probably younger. Marriage at 18 in those days was not practised, except very occasionally with eldest sons of the high nobility.12 Only John son of Charles Brockett Citizen could have married in 1672.
The author of the 1860 Gateshead pedigree clearly did not subscribe to the descent through Charles Gentleman, nonetheless diplomatically omitted the line linking Charles Citizen to John of Codicote. This subtlety was overlooked in EJ Brockett’s 1905 reproduction.
The College of Arms pedigree was a proof of descent drawn up in order to award a grant of arms, the Gateshead pedigree was independent research. If there were doubt as to which descent were correct, the benefit of the doubt should go to the latter. In fact there is little doubt. The Will of William of Wheathampstead 1675 is sufficient evidence.
It is possible that the College of Arms pedigree was to support the use of the undifferentiated Broket arms. The Spains Hall clan considered themselves—and rightly so—the only remaining landed heirs of the earlier dynasty, and as such had the right to bear the arms in their eldest-son form.
The line of Charles of Westminster may well by then have been the eldest surviving line of that whole dynasty—it is not known what happened to John s/o Edward. Charles’ father John was the eldest grandson of Sir John I, the dynasty’s most prominent eldest son. The Spains Hall clan would have known of the grand, alabaster tomb of Sir John and his wife dominating the Brockett Chapel in the Church at Wheathampstead. It was well within a day’s reach of Spains Hall.
The line of Charles, Fishmonger and Citizen of London, on the other hand was very much a cadet one. Charles was the 4th son of a 4th son of a 2nd son of a 2nd son. The arms of Bernard Brockett, another member of this cadet branch were recorded differenced with a mullet—a star of five points pierced in the centre—to show his 3rd son descent. Stanes Brocket Brocket should have had a yet more junior differencing.
Page Last Updated: April 7, 2020