Brokets of Essex - The Broket Archive

The Brokets of Essex

Brokets are first recorded in Essex in 1356 and 1382. Next in 1438 the young Yorkshire Broket Edward, son of Thomas and Dionisia, acquired land there. But none of his descendants—including 3 Sheriffs of the County—resided in Essex until Edward, a younger son of John of Swaffham Bulbeck, married an Essex heiress a century later and settled in Willingale, near Chelmsford. Two separate but related Broket clans thrived there, with a 50 year break, through to the early 20th C.

Contents of this section:
1. 14th & 15th C
2. 1485-1543
3. 1st Willingale clan 1543-1634 (separate page)
4. 2nd Willingale clan 1688-1906 (separate page)
5. Other records
6. Map of part of Essex

14th & 15th C

Two traders are recorded: Philip of Hedyngham in 1356 and John of Tendryng in 1382. They would not have come from an established line, nor apparently left one—no Brokets were taxpayers in Essex in 1327.1

The next records are of land transactions made by brothers Edward and Thomas from Yorkshire and Hertfordshire, who also established no Essex line—no Brokets were taxpayers in Essex in 1524/5.2 There was an IPM into Thomas’ Essex lands held in chief, but despite being Thomas’ heir, there was no inquisition on Edward’s death, nor any mention of land in Essex in his will. Many of their properties were within 10-15 miles of Willingale, near Chelmsford:

  1. 1438 Hooks and Pinnacle. Edward with 2 others acquired the manor of Hooks and half the manor of Pinnacle.3
  2. 1477 and 1480 Brondsych. Thomas and Elizabeth had an interest in the Manor of Brondsych—unidentified—and land in Fobbyng and Fang.
  3. 1477 The IPM into Thomas’ Essex lands held in chief listed East and West Tilbury, Fenge (i.e. Vang), Fobbing, Corringham and Stanford le Hope.4 Again, these places are only some 15 miles SSE of Willingale.5
  4. 1483-5 Haghams. Thomas and Elizabeth had jointly held the Manor of Haghams and lands in Lamborne, Chigewell, Theydon Boyes, Rothyng St Botall and Stapelford Abbot.6

1485-1543

Brokets may not have held substantial land in Essex from the 1480s until 1543—the VCH has no references—but they were nonetheless influential in the County throughout this period. The 16th C, especially its middle decades, were the peak of the dynasty’s fortunes in neighbouring Hertfordshire. Three became MPs for Herts, 3 became knights, and 3 held the influential office of Sheriff of Essex and Herts:

  1. John of Wheathampstead Esq in 1507-8 (for 2 years) and 1531-2.
  2. Edward of Letchworth Esq in 1547-8 and 1554-5
  3. John of Hatfield Esq in 1566-7, later Sir John II.

John of Wheathampstead’s son John of Swaffham Bulbeck held land about 40 miles north of Willingale in Cambridgeshire through his wife. Their 1st son, later Sir John I, was Escheator for Essex in 1539, aged about 26. Their 3rd son Edward conveyed land near Willingale in 1543 and later resided and died in Sawbridgeworth, just over the Essex border into Hertfordshire..

Other records

Records show only a few other Essex Brockets. 7 were there in 1881 and 6 in 1901. Of course parts of SW Essex have been subsumed into Greater London, and Hertfordshire borders it to the west and Cambridgeshire to the NW.

1. Two late 18th C wills

  1. Edward Brockett Wheelwright Southminster7
  2. Mary Brockett Spinster Southminster.8

2. 1881 census

3 Households:

  1. One in West Ham: Alfred aged 33, Tailor, born Royston, wife Elizabeth aged 25, 2 daus Sarah Elizabeth aged 6 and Mabel Elizabeth aged 1.
  2. One in Hornchurch: Henry aged 77, Agricultural Labourer, born Hornchurch, son James aged 26, Agricultural Labourer, born Hornchurch.
  3. Spinster Elizabeth aged 56, Landowner at Willingale Spain, born Rye Sussex.

3. 1901 census

[To follow]

4. Tendring

There is a house called Brocketts in Tendring.

Page Last Updated: September 5, 2018

Footnotes

For full bibliographical details please see the sections Publications or Glossary.

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[1] Ward 1983, 1991

[2] Lay Subsidy Rolls 1524-5, ERO T/A 427/1/1 and 427/1/2

[3] Grid reference TL4209

[4] TNE C140/62; Calendarium vol 4 p 385

[5] East and West Tilbury are at grid reference TQ6778, Fobbing is at TQ7184, Corringham is at TQ7083 and Stanford le Hope is at TQ6882.

[6] TNE C1/66/400. Lambourne is at grid reference TQ4896 (Ordnance Survey Gazeteer), Chigwell at TQ4393 and Theydon Bois at TQ4599 are respectively about 5 and 2 miles SW of Epping and Stapleford Abbotts is at TQ5095, about 4 miles SE of it. Rothyng St Botall has not been identified; is it one of the Rodings 3-5 miles north of Willingale? St Botolph?

[7] ERO D/ABR 26/99

[8] ERO D/AMR 26/395